The Civil War

The War Itself

  • The American Civil War began in April of 1861 after the firing on Ft. Sumter by the South and continued until May of 1865. The war was a long, bloody battle between the Union (North) and the Confederacy (South). While the South claimed it was a war brought on by the restriction of state rights by the federal government, the Union soon turned it into a war over slavery that would lead to the emancipation of the slaves. The war resulted in an increased demand for iron and steel for things such as railroads, cannons, and ammunition, which led to the increase in mines opening up around the United States, especially in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. After the war, the growth of the mining industry continued well into the early 1900s.

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Map of the Confederate, Border, and Union states at the start of the Civil War. (4)

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This picture depicts the firing on Ft. Sumter by the Confederates which initiated the start of the Civil War. (5)

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Pictured above are Union soldiers standing outside of the Appomattox Court House (Virginia) on the day Lee surrendered to Grant, April 9, 1865. (6)