The Gogebic Iron Range

About the Range

  • The Gogebic Iron Range was the last of the three iron ranges in the Upper Peninsula to begin producing iron. This iron range had its peak in the 1880s and continued to be successful well into the 20th century. (55)
  • Traces of iron ore were first discovered around 1848, but the first production didn’t come until 1884. (56)
  • Ironwood, Wakefield, Ramsay, and Bessemer were key locations for mines in this range. (57)
  • The first mine to begin producing iron in the Gogebic range was the Colby Mine located in Bessemer, Michigan. (58)
  • The highest production came from the Ironwood area. (59)
  • In the late 18th century and into the 1920s, the Gogebic Iron Range was a chief producer of iron for the nation.
  • The appearance of railroads in 1884 allowed iron ore to be transported to bigger cities such as Milwaukee, and it was on these railroads that the Colby Mine shipped its first loads of ore (1,022 tons) in October of that year. (60)
  • By 1910, around 4 million tons of ore were shipped each year.

Notable Mines (61)

  • Ironwood
    • Norrie Mine
    • Aurora Mine
    • Ashland Mine
    • Newport Mine
    • Bonnie Mine
    • Davis Mine
    • Geneva Mine
    • Pabst Mine
  • Ramsay/Wakefield/Bessemer
    • Yale Mine
    • Ramsay Mine
    • Anvil/Palms Mine
    • Sunday Lake Mine
    • Castile Mine
    • Brotherton Mine
    • Wakefield Mine
    • Mikado Mine
    • Tilden Mine
    • Colby Mine
    • Asteroid Mine
    • Plymouth Mine